This matrix builds off of the technology integration framework of RAT (Hughes, Thomas, & Scharber, 2006) to provide teachers with a way of meaningfully thinking about technology integration.

This image is licensed under a CC BY 3.0 license by Dr. Royce Kimmons.

To use the matrix, teachers must ask themselves two questions:

- What is the technology use's effect on practice?
- Replacement
- Amplification
- Transformation

- What are the students doing with the technology?
- Passive
- Interacting
- Creating

Effective technology integration is a nuanced and difficult thing to decipher, but this matrix helps us to think about practice along two lines. Generally speaking, I submit that effective technology integration occurs more at the top-right of the matrix, while most of our practice lingers around the bottom-left.

Kimmons, R., Graham, C., & West, R. (2020). The PICRAT model for technology integration in teacher preparation.Contemporary Issues in Technology and Teacher Education, 20(1).